Bleeding gums is one of the common symptoms in stomatology. It refers to the spontaneous bleeding of the gums or a small amount of bleeding caused by slight irritation. In mild cases, blood is contained in saliva only when sucking, brushing, and chewing hard food. In severe cases, bleeding is more or even spontaneous when the gums are slightly irritated.
What are the causes of bleeding gums?
1. Periodontal disease
When lesions occur around the teeth, the main symptoms are gum edema, inflammation, congestion and expansion of new blood vessels. Once chewing or brushing teeth, it can often cause bleeding. If periodontal disease occurs, it will develop into alveolar abscess or loose teeth, and bleeding gums are more likely to occur.
2. Systemic diseases
Such as blood system diseases, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, abnormal liver and kidney function, tumors, etc. The pathogenesis of the disease is usually to decrease the immunity of the whole body, which in turn leads to a decrease in resistance to local stimuli, and induces gum inflammation, blood coagulation system disorders, organic changes in blood vessels, changes in blood flow dynamics, and so on.
3. Cavity stimulation
After dark-brown cavities are formed near the gums due to tooth decay, the edges of the teeth are irregular and sharp, which often stimulates the gums to develop ulcers and cause bleeding.
4. Changes in endocrine
Under the influence of elevated sex hormones and progesterone hormones, the gum tissue is slightly stimulated, causing non-specific inflammation, leading to gum bleeding, increased exudation, and gum hyperplasia. Such as adolescent gingivitis, pregnancy gingivitis and gingival tumor.
How to prevent bleeding gums
1. Insist on brushing your teeth sooner or later. Patients with gingivitis should use medicated toothpaste to brush their teeth. It is best to buy several different medicated toothpastes that have hemostatic effects for alternating use, and it is best to use different brands.
2. Rinse mouth after each meal and at night. Patients with gingivitis can use mouthwash to kill most of the pathogenic bacteria in the oral cavity and periodontal period, as well as to freshen breath.
3. Dental floss should be used every day (preferably after each meal and before going to bed at night). If the gap between teeth is too large, use an interdental brush to remove dirt and food residues on the tooth surface and periodontal to prevent tartar and teeth. The formation of stones.
4. Regularly going to the hospital to wash your teeth is a very important method of dental health care, usually once every six months to a year. For patients with periodontal disease, systematic periodontal treatment is required.
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